This Agreement shall enter into force upon signature by both Parties and shall remain in force until 30 June 1957, unless one of the Parties has previously denounced in writing to the other Party within a period of three months. It may be amended from time to time, if necessary, by mutual agreement between the parties. For more information on research and innovation (R&I) cooperation with India, see: Activities under the agreement are based on a number of principles: the agreement entered into force on 14 October 2002 for an initial period of five years. It has been renewed three times, the last time in 2020 for an additional period of 5 years. Recognizing that individual freedom, free institutions and independence, on the one hand, and sound economic conditions and stable international economic relations, on the other, are interdependent. . . .